I Can't Believe You Keep Killing Off Adam Beach, NBC: Gender, Representation, Settler Colonialism and Native Cameos on Television OR I Went to the Perspectives on Native Representations Symposium in Berkeley and Adam Beach Re-tweeted me
This past Friday I went to the Perspectives on Native Representations symposium with keynote speakers Adrienne Keene (of Native Appropriations); Migizi Penseneau (1491s!) and Matika Wilbur (from the 562 Project!) and it was pretty great. I was there to present and was lucky enough to have a group of good friends come to sit with me and watch all the other presentations as well. It was a fully day talking about the importance of representation of Native peoples as the modern, awesome, funny, strong, photogenic, survivors we are.
I presented on my love of all things Adam Beach as a way to finally register my disappointment with NBC who likes to bring Adam Beach on to tv shows to kill him off. I said "settler colonialism" a lot so that I would sound super smart and academic like. And then I talked about the "Native Cameo."
And then Adam Beach re-tweeted a picture of me presenting about him. That's right, he hit that tiny little set of re-tweet arrows and shared it with all of his followers. And with that...I am willing to call this the best presentation of my growing academic career. Hands down.
Now that we are best friends via Twitter Adam Beach let me just say, I also tweet sometimes about my favorite places to get Iced Tea. Feel free to re-tweet those as well.
I Can't Believe You Keep Killing Off Adam Beach, NBC: Gender, Representation, Settler Colonialism and Native Cameos on Television OR I went to the Perspectives on Native Representations Symposium in Berkeley and Adam Beach re-tweeted me
I don’t know about anybody else but ever since I was a little girl I have been in the habit of yelling every time there is an Indian on TV: “THERES IS AN INDIAN ON TV! THERE IS AN INDIAN ON TV!” and then I would expect everyone to come running.
By the time I got to my formative TV watching it felt like (to me) that there wasn’t a whole lot of Natives on TV. Instead, I have often cataloged a collection of what I called the “Native cameo.”
“Native Cameos” are those 1-2 episode, sometimes intermittent appearances by Native characters on television shows. What I have found *spoiler alert* is that these Native Cameos resettle settler colonial claims to legitimacy, meaning, they justify, and normalize colonization and settler colonial occupation of Indigenous spaces and Indigenous histories.
These Native characters are also primarily male and do not have Native female counterparts. Native women are rarely mentioned as being part of modern discourse.
To better critically analyze (or what I like to call “engage in Indigenous media analytics”) I have provided the following cheat sheet of what I have noticed about these Native cameos. In the Native Cameo…
1. Native Americans are spiritual peoples full of knowledge that is specifically aimed at addressing answers to questions and conundrums of main characters (Spiritual & Knowledgeable)
2. Native American characters remind us that history is… complicated (History)
3. Native American’s Own Casinos (Casinos)***
4. Mascots are dumb (Booo Mascots!)
5. Native Americans are Men (Men)
Okay here we go!
There’s this one episode of Sleepy Hollow that my friend Angel told me to watch, so I did. This episode has a Native character because there was a special Native monster that was causing a whole bunch of non-Native people to die in their dreams. Ichabod Crane (if you’ve never seen the show, he’s like in the present now because of something?) says “all we need is a Mohawk Shaman who can help us to defeat this monster.” And then his sidekick explains that there aren’t a lot of Mohawks or Shamans cause of colonization and genocide and stuff and Ichabod is all:
How is that possible? Their nations stretched the continent! Their rules for governance formed the very basis for how we planned to unify thirteen diverse states in a single federation!" (You go Ichabod Crane)
Luckily, they are able to find a Mohawk guy and, surprisingly, he teases them for assuming that he can help them because he’s Mohawk. Like every Mohawk knows how to get rid of a sleep demon. Except in the end he can solve their spiritual issue. Lord knows it would be weird if they had to approach at least TWO Mohawk guys before they found the right magical spiritual one.
Rating: THERE’S A NATIVE ON TV, and he’s kinda funny, and he helps them to conquer the dream monster. So I’ll go with “coulda been worse.”
On an episode of Greys Anatomy where Izzie was going crazy and seeing her old boyfriend Denny even though he is dead she meets a Navajo man who is supposed to have heart surgery to take out his donor heart because he believes it is “haunting” him. Izzie decides this has something to do with her. The Navajo guy is very understanding when she opens up to him and tells him she is also haunted. And instead of going “well, sure, let’s talk about how my heart surgery is really about you” he patiently explains to her that she should burn everything that she still has tying her to the dead guy and that she probably shouldn’t do his surgery.
RATING? THERE’S A NATIVE GUY ON TV, and he’s Navajo. So I’ll go with “Shonda Rhymes you have three million shows on television, I think you could maybe, possibly put one MAIN character who is a Native person on one of those shows.”
I don’t know if it’s fair to say that Adam Beach’s character on Law and Order: Special Victims Unit was all that spiritual. I’m unwilling to go back and watch his many episode arc to support my claims. But I do remember that there were several instances in which he offered some important discussion in to how “other” cultures would respond to whatever the issue of the week was. I was so looking forward to a very long tenure by this character. FINALLY, a Native character who is Native (yes, it’s true) but he’s also a cop on the beat, making jokes with Ice-T. Except that didn’t happen, because why would it? And Adam Beach was relegated to Native Cameo status when for some reason he went off the deep end and become some kind of vigilante justice cop and killed some guy because…whatever. I’m still bitter.
Parks and Recreation’s portrayal of Ken Hotate has always been very fascinating to me. I actually really like the dude. I like him because he’s got great delivery, and also because he gets to come into the show and be funny and then go away. I also like his confidence. He knows he’s got the money (the casino) and the pull to do what he wants. That’s an interesting position in this town that Leslie Knope points out, does not have the best history with Native people.
On this week’s episode (from Tuesday) Ken Hotate made a super cameo in a commercial for the Wamapoke Casino which ended with the slogan “Slowly taking back our money from white people one quarter at a time” (I LOLd).
There are actually several times that Native people pop up on the Family Guy. “Native American What’s Happening” or “Offensive Native American Mascot” or “Peter saves the Native Americans.”
In Season 12 Episode 6 “Life of Brian” Stewie and Brian travel back in time to Jamestown where they give Native Americans guns and change the course of history. When we catch up with Brian and Stewie in the present day. Brian tells Stewie: “Thanks to you the Indians killed all the white people and took over America.”
This new, present day America is filled with brown faces, and Indians wearing headbands, with braids and jean jackets. The joke on the show is that Natives love their jean jackets (I have two of them, actually). Medical care is done by a shaman who does funny poses but offers no real help for a dying man. Native music is gibberish that all sounds the same. Native families live in houses that look like teepees and instead of “I love Lucy” they watch “I love liquor.”
These are the stereotypes of Native people come to life. This is not a Native vision of the future where Native people weren’t mass killed and removed, this is a tongue in cheek representation of stereotypes shoved in to the audience’s face.
Brian tells Stewie they have to go back to Jamestown to “set things right” as if this alternative future, where Native people are the majority and white people live on reservations is “wrong.” This, again, effectively resettles this space and makes it “right” to be under control of white settlers, and not under the control of Native people.
*Bonus Cameo* In another episode Peter remarks that he has always wanted to use a musket to go and save Native Americans from “rapacious Calvary men.” It then flashes to a Calvary raiding a Native village where one guy is kidnapping a woman to probably take her and rape her. Peter accidentally shoots her in the head. He then remarks something like “you don’t have to be afraid of him anymore.” The most disturbing part is that when I looked this clip up online the guy recording it lets out a huge laugh when this woman gets shot in the head. And there you have a Native Cameo featuring a Native woman. She is there to get kidnapped, possibly raped, and then shot in the head.
Rating: There’s Natives on TV. They are cartoons. There is so much here to talk about. For instance- this idea that had the Indians been given guns they would have also used them to oppress white people. But I don’t have enough time right now. Maybe later.
South Park actually has a number of episodes featuring Native American characters and cameos. (Like, Cherokee Hair Tampons, or A History Channel Thanksgiving, or Cartman’s Mom is a Dirty Slut) The most cameoed of cameos comes in Season 7 Episode 7 – “Red Man’s Greed.”
In this episode South Park is trying to say that Native peoples are (now) just as obsessed with the trappings of capitalism as any other group.
There is another layer added throughout this episode as well and that is what I call the “just desserts” layer. For instance, when the Natives decide to build a super highway through South Park, they buy all the land “out from under” the residents and force them to move. When the residents protest, they give them blankets with the SARS virus on them. There’s your just desserts white people. There’s even a joke about removal and relocation.
South Park’s seemingly pointed is another settler colonial apology “we’re sorry for the genocide, you would genocide us too if given the chance” and also “we’re sorry for taking your land, you would take our land now too, if given the chance.” Dismissing the possibility that even in imaginary cartoon universes Native people could create a much different present and future because of their past experiences with genocide… well this re-settles the settler claims to innocence by saying colonization is “human nature.”
RATING: South Park’s Indians are a mixed bag. I’m interested in this cartoon obsession with voice cadence, the way Indians talk and sound and even laugh. Maybe now I just want one Indian on TV who is like “oh you know, whatevs, it’s the bees knees, fer realsy.” Or says “totes” a lot. Okay we Natives don't say totes all that much. You know what we do say a lot... "BINGO!" #JustKiddingINeverWinAtBingo
"Revolution" is technically not on the air anymore but when I started writing this very rigorous research down in my very fancy hardback notebook, "Revolution" was on the air and "Revolution" had Adam Beach on it. When the group ends up in the “Plains Nation” there is good old Adam Beach, and he’s the sheriff. I was very happy to see that they at least acknowledge that maybe, just maybe, at least one Native person survived the apocalypse. I mean it’s not like we haven’t survived an apocalypse before…
Anyway, Adam Beach shows up to die one episode later, in a cage. And there you go. We managed to survive 500 years of attempts to annihilate, assimilate, exterminate us, but get us post apocalypse with no electricity and we are done for.
I see what it means for people to be exposed to Native people in this way, whether it be young Native children who really do acknowledge and hold on to each and every portrayal, or non-Native people who might not ever engage with “modern” Native American people. Our TV watching experiences do shape us, even though they probably shouldn’t.
Understanding, discussing, and complicating the Native Cameo is important. We are more than just cameos to a world that tries to pretend like we don’t exist, or that we aren’t fully functioning nations of people who deserve equal footing in politics and culture. Our worlds are more than just other to the “real” or “normal” world that is often portrayed on television. When we are represented in places like Network television it can and should speak to our continued investment in our shared existence, in our shared experiences on Indigenous lands. Also, it gives us the opportunity to watch Adam Beach do his Adam Beach thing… which is nice.
Because I’m still bitter NBC. Still…bitter.
BONUS CAMEO – Someone in the audience (okay it was a 1491. And yes, I tried not to be all “OH MY GOSH ARE YOU ASKING ME A QUESTION and YOU ARE FROM THE 1491s!) asked me about “House of Cards.” Funnily enough, I had written something about "House of Cards" but had to cut it for time. Here it is:
House of Cards – (History, Casinos, Men): Ah yes, the rich Native people on a show about rich people who try and take over the world. I binged on "House of Cards" (like any decent TV watcher would) last year because I just had to know what Frank was going to do after becoming Vice-President. And there was an Indian on the show, and he was smart and witty and just as big of a jerk as everyone else. I appreciated the “inside jokes” about Natives and politics and the BIA. Jokes about the BIA are always welcome. Also, jokes about Andrew Jackson, HA! I really appreciated when Frank goes to the big old white house that is on the Indian reservation (very symbolic, BTdubbs, we got our own white…house) and he thinks he’s a big deal and the Tribal Chair guy is like “you are not a big deal. We are on sovereign land. You are not my vice-president.” I clapped. Jokes about how even the vice-president doesn’t understand sovereignty… priceless.
When you find out that the Indian casino is participating in what could probably amount to espionage in order to give money to buy an election because they got the money to spare I thought “um? Okay?” The discourse on casinos tends to focus on how casino power must or will corrupt. This is a narrative that is growing and starting to dominate how we talk about casinos. Instead of “casinos are active parts of the sovereignty and contribute to the self-determination of Indian nations” we have “casinos help Indian people to become rich and participate in politics the way other rich people do and that’s scary…” Talk about settler colonial fear. We may just get enough money and political clout to get our land back… uh oh.
Rating: There’s an Indian on TV (Netflix) and he’s… just as horrible as everyone else on that show. So I guess that’s okay because if they would have made him way better than everyone on that show you’d wonder if they were doing that out of guilt for you know… all the genocide and small pox blankets.
In Which I Write An Open Letter To Jon Stewart After I Promised Myself I Wouldn’t Do Open Letters Because They Are So Last Year or It’s Time for The Daily Show to have a Native Correspondent
No I don’t know Jon Stewart. When Jon Stewart reads this (cause you know he’s sitting at his desk waiting for his Google Alerts to bleep like “OOOO who is writing about me now!”) I hope he goes “man I should listen to her, she has her own blog!”
I have been thinking for a while about representation of Native people on TV. In my academic life I analyze the rare appearances of Native people who pop in and out of television shows as acceptable ways of “othering” Native people, as if they are only cameos in our society and culture. Also, these character tend to be male and do not have Native female counterparts. Native women are rarely mentioned as being part of a modern Native American culture and community.
The same goes for something like The Daily Show where we get a spectrum of “correspondents” (who, yes, tend to be comedians in disguise/character) who speak about various issues but we have not had a Native voice as part of this discussion. (*Look, I know we haven’t had a lot of different representative voices. It’s not like The Daily Show has put together a perfect melting pot of voices. But I want a Native correspondent on The Daily Show so that’s where I’m putting my energy.)
Sometimes Native people enter the realm of the show (see this episode about the Washington *RACIAL SLUR* team) but again… as cameos, people who can speak only about a particular issue almost like we have no stake in these other, very important issues that are a part of The Daily Show discourse. Also, when you have a non-Native filing this report, some of the things that get left out are the racism experienced by Native people from Washington fans, or the continued degradation of Native people who dare to go to the game.
I have also been thinking about the many important issues that affect Native peoples and set global conversations, policies, ideas, directions for development, education, economy, cultural revitalization… etc. And yet, when I ask students, or audience members at presentations how many federally recognized tribes there are in the US I get answers that range from 2 – 10,000. (Right now there are 566, write it down, memorize it, there will be a quiz later). That’s right, people just don’t know. They don’t know because we don’t teach them and that’s why I teach Native American Studies, because they need to know. Native peoples are a significant part of our culture and society. We represent a past, present and future and our issues, news stories and events are not divorced from the rest of this space we now call the United States. Our representation has been decided for us on more than one occasion. People close their eyes and imagine an outdated Hollywood stereotype or a cameo. Natives become fictionalized so that their issues are treated as fiction. But we are fighting for water, fighting for fish, fighting to keep the environment safe for everyone, fighting to help Native parents keep their children, fighting to heal, fighting to represent ourselves. That’s a lot to take on for a correspondent, but I think it’s time.
One of my students wrote this when I asked them to reflect on what they learned in my Native Studies course and for me it summed up exactly the reason why everyone should take a Native Studies course and why The Daily Show needs a Native correspondent:
"It's almost as if we are trying to classify Native Americans as fictional beings other than people that were here long before the settlers were. If we view them in a fictional sense then it's easier for people to not take them seriously and to shrug off the oppression that occurred to them. It would be nice to see a shift in schools to teach the true history of the Native American people instead of just the fairy-tale parts. Which isn't even fair to the Native Americans because in a sense we are regarding their religious beliefs and culture as just whimsical stories instead of delving behind the true meanings of that too."
So here goes… first blog post of the year.
In Which I Write An Open Letter To Jon Stewart After I Promised Myself I Wouldn’t Do Open Letters Because They Are So Last Year or It’s Time for The Daily Show to have a Native Correspondent
Dear Jon Stewart
It’s time for The Daily Show to have a Native American correspondent. Heck, why not two?
Why you ask? I made you a list:
5 Reasons Why The Daily Show should have a Native American Correspondent
5. People can’t remember the last time they saw a Native on TV talking about news issues that are important to our country, our society, our communities and who we are as a civilization (all of us) like The Daily Show tends to do...
That’s right Jon Stewart. I said it. The Daily Show, despite its claim to be nothing more than a comedy show that makes fun of the news, becomes an important part of the conversation. It’s comedy, but not in the sad way Fox News is comedy, instead in the happy way where people learn something, laugh, and (perhaps) have anecdotes for later that can help them to put in to words, gifs, clips, Facebook posts something they have been trying to say.
Also, people look to The Daily Show as an illustration of what shows SHOULD look like. For instance, SHOULDN’T women of color be allowed to make reports about issues that face women of color? Yes (thank you Jessica Williams for being awesome). What happens when you put a woman of color on TV? (She drops the mic). What about a cool as a cucumber African American man? (He gets his own show). What about an arrogant white guy reporter (he gets his own show and then his own late show).
So often Native voices are left out of this cultural response. Native people aren’t even invited to comment on Native issues and there is an assumption that Native issues don’t have a lot to do with what is going on in the rest of the world.
And this representation (or non-representation) matters. Because it is here that we become stereotypes, mascots, fashion but not cultural lexicon and commentary.
One of the exercises I do in my class is to ask students to tell me (1) the last time they saw a Native American on TV and (2) the last time they heard about a news story or issue that Native people are involved in. Here are some highlights for you from the past three years that I’ve been teaching:
I nominate that character to be your new correspondent! (PS. I’m sure your new Native correspondent will find many ways to make white people feel guilty, so I’m not that worried about filling that requirement actually.)
4. There are a lot of really important issues that are being led by, informed by, set by, made possible because of Native peoples
Legal scholars call Native tribes the “miners canary.” It’s not just because the Supreme Court and Federal Government (and State and local governments and agencies) have historically made horrible decisions in regards to Native people, their sovereignty, their rights and their self-determination which then become the law of the land and (eventually) affect everyone else who suddenly discovers things like
But it is also because Native peoples are leading the way in a number of very important issues like:
Native people can speak to these, among many other issues that deserve an Indigenous analysis. For instance, lets say you want to do a report about how people are leading national/international protests against police violence. Well ask a Native. We are the group most likely to be killed by the police after all.
3. Representation combats mis-appropriation and encourages education.
That’s right, representation matters. Help me, help you Jon Stewart. Help me, help you, to help all of us, better know a Native so that people will say “yeah I saw a Native on TV telling me about how awesome it is that Obama is vetoing the Keystone XL Pipeline because it is only going to be another environment polluting danger to our planet” instead of “Well, I did see Khloe Kardashian wearing a headdress on a re-run the other day…”
2. Native people are funny
In 1969 Vine Deloria, Jr. wrote a chapter for his book Custer Died for Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto called “Indian Humor” where he noted that we are damn funny. Actually, he said this:
“It has always been a great disappointment to Indian people that the humorous side of Indian life has not been mentioned by professed experts on Indian Affairs. Rather the image of the granite-faced grunting redskin has been perpetuated by American mythology.
That’s right, we are experts on cutting edge humor and satire that educates and informs. We are the original Daily Show. If you didn’t know this, it’s because our cameos, our representations, were and are stripped of humor because of the “tragedy” of the American Indian. That narrative was created to dehumanize us and to forward the American Dream - that American Indians were tragic people, who were slowly riding into the sunset of tragedy and would eventually disappear. And the new Americans would become the “Natives” of the future. Plus, Natives are supposed to be mean, rough and tough people, because that makes it easier to kill them.
Despite all of this… genocide and tragedy… we are a funny people. You know that group of people in the restaurant laughing very loudly and telling stories, that’s us.
It will not be hard to find a funny Native person to correspond on your show, I promise.
1. Because… I said so
And like I said… I have my own blog.
Here are some people that would make good Native correspondents…
Jim Ruel (I know him!)
Actually any of the comedians from this special. (RIP Charlie Hill!)
Or this group.
Don't worry, I can go on if you need more.
Thank you Jon Stewart for all that you do, for your time, and because I know you will immediately compose an email to your producers saying "I had this great idea. We need to get a Native correspondent on the show." You're welcome.
Sincerely with all sincerity,
Cutcha Risling Baldy is an Assistant Professor of American Indian Studies at San Diego State University. She received her PhD in Native American Studies from the University of California, Davis. She is also a writer, mother, fan of "The Good Wife" and "The Walking Dead", who likes to go for long walks on long piers...
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Hokay -- In which I lead a presentation on what happens when you Google "Native American Women" and critically analyze the images or "Hupas be like dang where'd you get that dentalium cape girl? Showing off all your money! PS: Suck it Victorias Secret"
In which we establish that there was a genocide against Native Americans, yes there was, it was genocide, yes or this is why I teach Native Studies part 3 million
5 Reasons I Wear "Indian" Jewelry or Hupas...we been bling-blingin' since Year 1
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A few that I read...